Human Trafficking Victims
The National Human Trafficking Victim Assistance Program provides comprehensive case management and referral services on a per capita basis to foreign victims and potential victims of a severe form of trafficking in persons seeking HHS certification in any location within the United States. View a map of places where USCRI serves victims of human trafficking >>
Human trafficking is an offensive crime that causes significant harm to its victims. Human trafficking is a human rights violation, now known most commonly as modern-day slavery. Victims of human trafficking are young children, teenagers, men and women. They may be United States citizens, Lawful Permanent Residents (LPRs), legal immigrants, or undocumented aliens. Traffickers subject victims of human trafficking to commercial sexual exploitation or labor exploitation through the use of force, fraud, or coercion. A child under the age of 18 involved who has been recruited, harbored, transported, provided, or obtained for the purpose of commercial sex is a victim of human trafficking, without regard to the presence of force, fraud, or coercion. Many victims of human trafficking are forced to work in prostitution or the sex entertainment industry. As noted in the Trafficking Victims Protection Act, 22 U.S.C. 7101(11), sex trafficking exposes victims to serious health risks. Women and children trafficked in the sex industry are exposed to deadly diseases, including HIV and AIDS. Trafficking also occurs in forms of labor exploitation, such as domestic servitude, often in industries such as restaurant work, janitorial work, factory work, and agricultural work. Traffickers use various techniques to instill fear in victims and to keep them enslaved.
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) defines "Severe Forms of Trafficking in Persons" as:
- Sex Trafficking: the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act , in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person forced to perform such an act is under the age of 18 years; or
- Labor Trafficking: the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage or slavery.
The NHTVAP covers the following Department of Health and Human Services Regions: 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10. This area includes the following states: AK, AR, AZ, CA, CO, DC, DE, HI, IA, ID, KS, LA, MD, MO, MT, ND, NE, NM, NV, OK, OR, PA, SD, TX, UT, VA, WA, WV, and WY, plus the following territories: American Samoa, Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau.
If you are a service provider and are located in one of our geographic areas, you may apply to join our nationwide network of service providers; please call 1 (800) 307-4712 or email traffickingvictims[at]uscridc[dot]org. Learn more about the campaign to Rescue & Restore Victims of Human Trafficking.
If you are in Regions 1, 2 or 5, please contact Heartland Human Care Services at 1 (800) 837-5345. If you are in Region 4, please contact Tapestri at 1 (404) 299-2185. Find out which region you are located in >>
If you believe you are a victim of human trafficking or may have information about a potential trafficking situation, please contact the National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC) at 1 (888) 3737-888. If you or someone you know is in immediate danger, please call 911.